xxx

Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Why do you have the H1N1 vaccine

Vaccines are the only effective way to protect what you have, you, your family and colleagues on the possible death of the H1N1 swine influenza viruses. When the two World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for a warning to the world that the disease is serious and can infect hundreds of millions and potentially kill a million or more sense - common enough, and perhaps I should see. A recent report shows that 700 pregnant women in the United States, swine influenza brought contract April 1 to July 31 this year - 100 were in intensive care and died on 27. The H1N1 virus has the potential to cause one million deaths or more, and certainly those 100 million cases, many of them seriously. If you had a bad flu, you know who made you as if you die. There is only one reason to avoid vaccination - what if you have a severe allergy to chicken eggs life is to be had - if they do not value his life and the lives of those around you, if the vaccine made against H1N1.

The groups at highest risk for severe infections are:
1) Pregnant women - this group has a very high risk of complications for mother and fetus. The risk that the H1N1 is far more important for you and your child at risk of the vaccine. Ask your doctor.
2) The custody of children - if you are in a daycare, a nanny or child care, especially when working a child less than six months in a high-risk group. The vaccines will likely be required by your employer.
3) The health of the workers - this group can be repeatedly exposed and can easily infect swine flu to others. Health workers should be required by their employers, and perhaps get the law in the vaccine to continue working in their current job.
4) The age group of 6 months to 24 years - this group is probably due to the new school or nursery, and the configuration of this group so far to suspend the highest rate of severe infection and death unknown.
5) Any person in the age group 25-64 years is a health problem that may be known to be associated with an increased risk of influenza complications, as this group all those included are suffering from asthma or other respiratory diseases, impairment or immune - ask your doctor If you are unsure. People over 65 are not in the category of high risk, but must seriously consider the H1N1 vaccine and a vaccine against pneumonia. Most of the deaths caused by pneumonia virus H1N1.

H1N1 vaccine is safe?
Yes, of course - it is much safer than the means to be vulnerable to the virus H1N1. The vaccine must be the safety profile of the vaccine against seasonal influenza, as it is in the same manner and under the same conditions, the same producers, the production of vaccines against seasonal influenza for decades controlled. In addition, until now, millions of people already have the vaccine against influenza H1N1 in the world and no new security risks have been recorded. The most common side effects are redness, pain or swelling at the injection site and sometimes a mild fever, nausea, or pain that lasts a day or two.

How is the vaccine?
H1N1 vaccine is administered in two forms - a nasal spray or injection called situated. The nasal spray is not available for pregnant women.

If you are under 25, pregnant women, health, work or support the capacity or an underlying disease, the swine flu (H1N1), which should be available in your area. Personally, I'm in one of these categories, but of course the picture when it becomes available for me. I followed the development of this disease a little over a year and I am more than ever because of the danger which may exist. I talked to some people and I say were not to be taken lightly. There were 16 deaths in my area today and another was a young girl of 19 years in good health. Although some cases are not reported, worse than the seasonal flu, recommend reports many deaths among people with health problems in different ways and the possibility that the strain of the virus into a strain more serious, to mutate a person as H1N1 vaccine as soon as possible. Are vaccinated, get or ask your doctor what he thinks you should do if it were not for their own health, the health of those concerned for you.

Sunday, August 16, 2009

Maklumat Influenza A H1N1 (Selsema Khinzir @ Babi?)

sebagai panduan kita bersama...


Apa itu Influenza A H1N1?

Viral Novel Influenza type A H1N1. Ianya berasal dari Virus Avian Flu (Selsema Burung H5N1) yang telah menjangkiti Babi @ Khinzir dan telah bergabung dengan Swine Flu (yang sepatutnya hanya menjangkiti ternakan Babi sahaja) dan telah evaluasi (Mutasi) untuk penyesuaian diri di dalam 'host' yang lebih tinggi didalam rantaian makanan@manusia Dan semasa didalam badan manusia, sekali lagi ia berevolusi supaya ia menjadi 'air born' dan menjangkit dari manusia kepada manusia.

Jangka Hayat Virus

Oleh kerana ia adalah Virus yang 'air born', ia hanya boleh bertahan di udara selama 2 hingga 8 jam sahaja. Jika selepas tempoh tersebut ia tidak mendapat perumah @ host ( badan manusia) ia akan mati. Maka bilik yang dibiarkan selama 24 jam dengan air ventilation yg baik, akan 'bersih' dr virus tersebut.

Apa Yang Perlu Tahu

Asal virus ini:

Sebenarnya telah terdapat outbrake di US sebelum terjadi outbrake di Mexico tapi tidak dilaporkan kepada WHO. Kemungkinan outbrake ini telah dikesan dan US mahu 'baling batu sembunyi tangan' lalu tercetus la outbrakedi Mexico .

Virologi Virus H1N1

Incubation Period yang singkat pada purata 2 hari dengan julat 1 - 4 hari
ini bermakna ia cepat menyerang badan manusia setelah ia menjangkiti pesakit pesakit akan menunjukkan simptom selepas 1 hari dijangkiti paling cepat dan selewat-lewatnya hari ke-4 H1N1 sebenarnya adalah Selsema Biasa namun kepada pesakit yang berisiko, ia dapat membunuh. Jika pesakit adalah seorang yg normal, ia hanya akan memberi kesan seperti demam selsema biasa dan batuk.

Cara Serangan

Virus ini boleh disebarkan melalui batuk, bersin dan percakapan.Virus ini akan menyerang sistem pernafasan (seperti selsema burung dan SARS) peringkat awal, ia hanya pada 'trakea' jika tidak mendapat rawatan awal, ia akan menyerang paru-paru dan boleh menyebabkan kematian akibat 'lung collapse' ia amat merbahaya kepada golongan yangg berisiko tinggi.

Siapa yang berisiko:

1. Orang yang ada masalah 'obesiti' @ gemuk.

2. Perempuan yang mengandung.

3. Orang yang ada asthmatic (Bronkiol Asthma)

4. Orang-orang yang bermasalah dengan sistem imunisasi (menjalani 'operation yg besar', kanak-kanak yang belum cukup suntikan imunisasi, golongan-golongan yang rendah tahap imuniti eg. HIV ext.)

*kematian yang telah dilaporkan terdiri daripada golongan-golongan di atas. 44 kematian di laporkan setakat 12 Ogos 2009.

Simptom-Simptom

hari 1 - rasa kurang sihat, tak bermaya.
hari 2 - selsema, batuk dan demam yg kekal (demam tidak turun walaupun telah makan ubat demam).
hari 3 - rasa kurang selesa di bahagian dada dan sesak nafas.
hari 4 - sakit dada yg teruk jumpa doktor dengan segera.
hari 5 - and above lung collapse @ koma.

Langkah-langkah kawalan

1. Golongan-golongan yang berisiko, elakkan daripada kesesakan (kawasan yang padat dengan orang ramai)

2. Menjaga kebersihan diri, basuh tangan selalu dan dengan betul, jaga kebersihan rumah dan persekitaran .

3. Elakkan diri jika terdapat 'orang batuk, bersin dan kurang sihat' .

4. Jika kurang sihat, elakan diri dari beraktiviti (sosial dan berkumpulan)

5. Jika kurang sihat dan ada ILI ( influenza light illness @ selsema biasa) jangan hadirkan diri di kawasan orang ramai. jika terpaksa, pakai 'mask' (sekurang2 nya 3 ply mask).

6. Untuk orang yang sihat, elakkan dari kawasan yang padat.

7. Jika ada tanda-tanda simptom diatas, segera ke hospital untuk pemeriksaan dan rawatan

8. Jika sihat, jangan ke hospital atau klinik untuk 'checkup' kerana di kawasan tersebut mengandungi banyak virus.

9. Tak perlu ambil anti-viral @ apa-apa ubat influenza. jika sihat dan mengambilnya, akanmengakibatkan resistan (lali) kepada vaksin @ ubat-ubat untuk merawat jika terkena jangkitan. ini adalah kerana berlakunya resistansi virus terhadap persekitaran badan yang telah mengambil ubat-ubat tersebut terlebih awal.

10. Vaksin hanya akan 'wujud' seawal-awalnya pada oktober 09 dan hanya untuk 'frontliner' sahaja dan untuk awam selewat-lewatnya pada 2010.

11. Untuk makluman, influenza test hanya dijalankan di dua makmal sahaja di malaysia, mengambil masa 6 jam untuk run test kepada satu batch sample. Jika klinik menyatakan mereka boleh jalankan ujian, itu tidak betul tak perlu ambil suntikan seasonal influenza kerana ia tidak berkaitan.

12. Tahap kesedaran dan pengetahuan yg tinggi amat perlu untuk kita sama-sama menghadapi outbrake ini. Sama-samalah kita berdoa kepada ALLAH s.w.t agar bala ini cepat berlalu. Amin…

Sumber Rujukan:

Taklimat Influenza A H1N1 oleh Pengarah Kawalan Penyakit Berjangkit dari Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia di Pan Pasific KLIA pada 01 Ogos 2009. Untuk maklumat lanjut pertanyaan/kemusykilan/soaljawab layari lamanweb Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia mengenai Influenza A H1N1 http://h1n1.moh.gov.my

CEGAH AWAL DGN MENGUNAKAN PRODUK CELLFOOD...

cegahi sebelum terlambat....

baik untuk H1N1peringkat awal dan segala penyakit barah...

Sunday, June 21, 2009

Brunei already have a case H1N1

First H1N1 flu case in Brunei
By Azaraimy HH

Brunei confirmed its first case of A (H1N1) influenza when a student was found infected with the flu virus more than 12 hours after arriving home on flight BI098 from London Heathrow on June 16, 2009.

The student was confirmed to have contracted the virus after Rapid Result and other tests were carefully executed.

Brunei will soon be seeing its student returning from United Kingdom, one of the countries with growing cases of H1N1 virus. But at a press conference early yesterday evening, the Minister of Health, Pehin Dato Seri Setia Awg Hj Suyoi, said there is no cause to panic now that Brunei has recorded its first H1N1 case in the country and asked the public to stay calm and take extra precaution.

The Ministry of Health did not disclose the student’s gender nor identity but family members who had come forward to be tested had been proved negative of H1N1, the ministry added.

The 19-year-old Brunei student studying in United Kingdom is currently on holiday. The student arrived here on June 16 but only showed H1N1 symptoms on June 19 evening. The student had his first emergency treatment at R1PAS Hospital on June 20 before being transferred for treatment and observation at the quarantine centre in Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah Hospital in Tutong.

Pehin Suyoi said while the ministry believed the student was infected while in the UK, due to the fact that the student only showed signs of H1N1 symptoms three days after arrival, which is more than 20 hours, the ministry will not be contacting other passengers of flight BI098.

He said this is because in this case the risk of the virus spreading to other passengers of flight BI098 at that time was low. He said the student caught the infection abroad and not in Brunei and that, he said, meant Brunei is still relatively safe.

However, he reminded all arrivals from countries infected with H1N1 to immediately go for check-up if they show symptoms of the Virus.

The Ministry of Health, he said, is contemplating on checking all incoming air passengers after arriving at the airport. Previously, it only runs checks on passengers from infected countries.

“This is not just because Brunei has now registered its first local H1N1 case but because of the way the virus is now spreading in a pandemic way,” Pehin Suyoi added.

Meanwhile, the two local Bruneians who were confirmed to be infected with H1N1 flu in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, have been discharged from hospital quarantine and are recovering well. They will be returning to Brunei after the end of their travel quarantine.

The Health Minister also said that the ministry is now working with the Brunei student unit in UK to call for Brunei students in that country to take extra precaution before flying home.

The minister also urged the public to restrict or delay non-essential travel abroad because of how the virus is spreading.

He urged those who are showing signs of H1N1 symptoms after travelling abroad to stay home and stay away from public places.

Courtesy of Borneo Bulletin

Monday, May 18, 2009

General Instructions for Disposable Respirators



H1N1 Flu and Antiviral Drugs



WHO confirms 1,893 human A/H1N1 cases worldwide

GENEVA, (Xinhua) -- The World Health Organization (WHO) yesterday confirmed a total of 1,893 human infection cases of the A/H1N1 flu virus from 23 countries, including 31 deaths.

Mexico, the epicenter of the outbreak, has reported 942 laboratory-confirmed human cases of infection, including 29 deaths. The United States has reported 642 laboratory-confirmed human cases, including two deaths, the UN agency said in a latest update.

The following governments have reported laboratory-confirmed cases with no deaths: Austria (1), Canada (165), Hong Kong, China (1), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Denmark (1), El Salvador (2), France (5), Germany (9), Guatemala (1), Ireland (1), Israel (4), Italy (5), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (5), Portugal (1), the Republic of Korea (2), Spain (73), Sweden (1), Switzerland (1) and Britain (28).

Meanwhile, a WHO official said yesterday that an expert committee of the agency would meet next week to discuss issues related to the production of A/H1N1 vaccine.

The committee is expected to give advice to the WHO on whether the time has come for drug makers such as GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis to start large-scale manufacturing of the vaccine, Marie- Paule Kieny, WHO director of the Initiative for Vaccine Research, told a news briefing in Geneva.

Kieny added that WHO Director-general Margaret Chan and UN Secretary-general Ban Ki-moon would also meet with heads of a number of companies manufacturing vaccines on May 19, to "ensure more equitable access for developing countries to this vaccine when it is available.

17 May 2009 - Already 39 countries cases of influenza A(H1N1)

17 May 2009, 39 countries have officially reported 8480 cases of influenza A(H1N1) infection.

Mexico has reported 2895 laboratory confirmed human cases of infection, including 66 deaths. The United States has reported 4714 laboratory confirmed human cases, including four deaths. Canada has reported 496 laboratory confirmed human cases, including one death. Costa Rica has reported nine laboratory confirmed human cases, including one death.

The following countries have reported laboratory confirmed cases with no deaths - Argentina (1), Australia (1), Austria (1), Belgium (4), Brazil (8), China (5), Colombia (11), Cuba (3), Denmark (1), Ecuador (1), El Salvador (4), Finland (2), France (14), Germany (14), Guatemala (3), India (1), Ireland (1), Israel (7), Italy (9), Japan (7), Malaysia (2), Netherlands (3), New Zealand (9), Norway (2), Panama (54), Peru (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Republic of Korea (3), Spain (103), Sweden (3), Switzerland (1), Thailand (2), Turkey (1), and the United Kingdom (82).

WHO is not recommending travel restrictions related to the outbreak of the influenza A(H1N1) virus.

Individuals who are ill should delay travel plans and returning travelers who fall ill should seek appropriate medical care. These recommendations are prudent measures which can limit the spread of many communicable diseases, including influenza.

Further information on the situation will be available on the WHO web site on a regular basis.